100 Spanish Adjectives for Beginners and How to Use Them

There are many reasons you should start learning Spanish. Did you know? Spanish is the second most spoken language in the entire world. There are even more native speakers of Spanish than there are native speakers of English! Knowing Spanish allows you to communicate with more people.

Descriptive adjectives are a great way to enhance your native Spanish-speaking abilities and add depth to your conversations. They can help you identify different nouns and clarify objects or places during a conversation in Spanish.

With AmazingTalker you can connect with one-on-one native Spanish Tutors that can help you improve your Spanish, and can be customized to your learning preference!

In this article, we will be looking at some of the more common adjectives found in the Spanish language and how gender-specific adjectives are not as daunting as they may seem.

Stay tuned until the end, for your own PDF list of the 100 most common Spanish Adjectives, so you can practice every day!

Source: Pexels

 

Spanish Adjectives and the Gendered Nouns

Descriptive adjectives in Spanish are used to describe a noun or a pronoun in a sentence. They work the same as in English but must agree with the noun or pronoun in gender and number. This is called adjective agreement and is standard across the entire Spanish language. However, descriptive adjectives are listed in the masculine singular form, so it’s important to make the proper adjustments when using them in a sentence.

Nouns in Spanish can be classified as masculine or feminine. Adjectives referring to a particular noun must have the same gender as the noun. Although there are exceptions, nearly all nouns ending in -o are masculine and most nouns ending in -a are feminine.

When native English speakers learn that Spanish has grammatical gender, they may have difficulty wrapping their minds around the concept. Grammatical gender doesn’t exist in English, so the gender of nouns in Spanish is an entirely new concept.

Masculine & Feminine Adjectives

Masculine adjectives end in -o. To make an adjective feminine, all you have to do is put an -a in place of the o. Adjectives ending in -e are neutral and can be used with both feminine and masculine nouns.

Masculine Adjectives English Sentence English
carro car El carro es caro The car is expensive.(masculine noun and adjective)

 

Feminine Adjectives English Sentence English
bicicleta bicycle La bicicleta es cara The bicycle is expensive. (feminine noun and adjective)

 

A masculine example of this would be: El carro es caro, the car is expensive (masculine noun and adjective).

While a feminine example of this would be: La bicicleta es cara, the bicycle is expensive (feminine noun and adjective).

Other examples of this concept would be un hombre guapo (one handsome man) as the masculine and una mujer guapa (one handsome woman) would be the feminine.

Neutral Adjectives

Of course like every language there are exceptions to the rules and Spanish is no different. Although Spanish practices grammatical gender, it also makes use of neuter gender. Although Spanish has neuter gender, it isn’t used for words listed in the dictionary as nouns. The neuter is used in two instances: A handful of neuter pronouns such as ello are used under limited circumstances as the equivalent of an article. Such pronouns don’t refer to things whose names have gender but rather to concepts or ideas.

The neuter definite article -lo can be placed before an adjective to create a phrase that functions as a neuter abstract noun.

Neutral Adjectives English Sentence English
Lo dificil
the difficult thing / that which is difficult

Lo mejor es disfrutar de la vida.

Sé lo difícil que esto debe ser para usted, señor.

The best thing is to enjoy life

I know how difficult this must be for you, sir.

Lo interesante The interesting thing

Lo interesante de las pulseras es que lucen con todo.

Lo interesante de esta escalada es que no es tan difícil.

The interesting thing about bracelets is that they go with everything.

The interesting thing about this climb is it’s not that hard.

Lo peor The worst thing

Lo peor es que todos nuestros amigos han vuelto allí.

Lo peor que puedes hacer es hablar de tus problemas.

The worst thing is that all our friends are back there.

The worst thing you can do is talk about your problems.

 

Source: Pexels

List of 100 Spanish Adjectives

Adjectives in Spanish, like in English, is used to modify – or describe – nouns. In English, adjectives go in front of the noun, like in the phrase “a pretty woman”, in which “woman” is the noun and “pretty” is the adjective that describes her. On the other hand in Spanish ,adjectives almost always go AFTER the nouns that they are describing.

Spanish adjectives have to match the gender of the noun, but this language treats verbs differently. In Spanish, verbs don’t match the gender of the noun. An example of this would be “el carro estaba aquí” (The car was here) or “la mesa estaba aquí” (The table was here), as you can see the verbs do not change here.

Masculine Adjectives English Sentence English
Bueno

Good

La dieta mediterránea es muy buena para la salud.
El precio era muy bueno para la ubicación y paisaje.
The Mediterranean diet is very good for your health.
The price was very good for the location and scenery.
Malo Bad
Malo como si la habitación tiene una sola puerta y sin ventanas.
Sabes que Denzel era el tipo malo en esa película.
Bad as if the room has only one door and no window. 
You know Denzel was the bad guy in that movie.
Grande Large
Grande y espacioso bolsillo principal con un pequeño bolsillo interior.
Esta hamaca es extraordinariamente grande y perfecta para dos personas.
Large and spacious main pocket with a small inner pocket.
This hammock is extra large and perfect for two people.
Pequeño Small
Pequeño pero muy acogedor y equipado con las cosas necesarias.
Pequeño en tamaño, extremadamente preciso y muy fácil de usar.
Small but very cosy and equipped in all necessary things.
Small in size, extremely accurate and yet easy to use.
Rápido Fast
Tomamos un tren rápido al aeropuerto.
Rápido cambio de lámpara en la parte anterior del otoscopio.
We took a quick train to the airport.
Fast exchange of lamp at the front of the otoscope.
Lento Slow
Solo un ascensor funcionó y fue lento como podría ser.
El proceso en estos casos es muy lento y prudente.
Only one elevator worked and it was slow as it could be.
The process in these cases is very slow and prudent.
Caro Expensive
Queríamos comprar un coche nuevo, pero todos son muy caros.
Mis gusto es muy caro para un hombre como tú.
We wanted to buy a new car, but they are all very expensive.
My taste is too expensive for a man like you.
Barato Cheap
Esta tienda es muy barata.
Barato y alegre, pero ciertamente no de fabuloso sabor.
This store is very cheap.
Cheap and cheerful but certainly not of fabulous taste.
Abierto Open
La tienda está abierta por si quieres ir a comprar leche.
Abierto todo el año, la entrada al restaurante es libre.
The store is open if you want to go buy milk.
Open all year, the entrance to the restaurant is free.
Cerrado Closed
El restaurante estaba cerrado a pesar de ser sábado.
La acción entonces cambia el estado de Resuelto a Cerrado.
The restaurant was closed despite being Saturday.
The action then changes the status from Solved to Closed.
Alto Tall
Ese hombre alto tiene que medir más de 200 cm.
La planta crece bastante alta, con gruesas ramas y tallos.
That tall man has to measure over 200 cm.
The plant grows rather tall, with thick branches and stem.
Bajo Short
Es un poco bajo para su edad.
Mi hermano es muy bajo.
Soy bajo.
He’s a little short for his age.
My brother is very short.
I’m short.
Bonito Pretty
Así que Imelda te parece bonita. ¿Quieres que se lo diga?
La villa dispone de una piscina grande y bonito jardín.
So Imelda seems pretty to you. You want me to tell her?
The villa has a large swimming pool and pretty garden.
Feo Ugly
El monstruo que dibujaste tiene una nariz muy fea.
Tú no eres feo, pero él era muy guapo.
The monster you drew has a very ugly nose.
You are not ugly, but he was extremely handsome.
Caliente Hot
El café está muy caliente. Todavía no lo puedo beber.Ciertos sistemas también pueden proporcionar agua caliente sanitaria.Servicios de suministro de vapor y agua caliente por tubería.
The coffee’s too hot. I still can’t drink it.Some systems may also provide hot water for sanitary use.Steam and hot water supply services through mains.
Frío Cold
En nuestro caso la primera noche pasamos mucho frío.
Pero ten cuidado, el lago está frío y es profundo.
In our case the first night we were very cold.
But be careful, the lake is cold, the water’s deep.
Aburrido Boring
¡Esta película es tan aburrida!
Aburrido no significa necesariamente malo.
This movie is so boring!
Boring doesn’t necessarily mean bad.
Divertido Fun
Su fiesta de cumpleaños fue muy divertida.
¡Divertido de hacer, pero ahora ya no!
His birthday party was a lot of fun.
Fun when you did it, not so fun now!
Amargo Bitter
El café sin azúcar tiene un sabor amargo.
Amargo y picante son particularmente equilibrados.
Unsweetened coffee has a bitter taste.
The bitter and peppery notes are particularly well balanced.
Salado Salty
Le eché demasiada sal al guiso y ahora está muy salado.
Salado como el mar.
I poured too much salt into the stew and now it’s very salty.
Salty as the deep blue sea.
Dulce Sweet
El pastel está algo dulce para mí.
Esta sandía es jugosa, dulce y tiene muy buen sabor.
The cake is a bit sweet for me.
This watermelon is juicy, sweet and it has very good flavor.
Agrio Sour
Este jugo de naranja está agrio.
Su rostro es tan agrio como el vinagre.
This orange juice is sour.
Your face is as sour as vinegar, too.
Débil Weak
Mi hijo es de constitución más bien débil.
Débil, fuerte o saludable, aún es mi padre y lo amo.
My son is rather weak in constitution.
Weak, strong, healthy, he’s still my dad… and I love him.
Fuerte Strong
Está muy fuerte desde que empezó a levantar pesas.
La ciudad tiene un fuerte sentido de historia y patrimonio.
It’s very strong since he started lifting weights.
The city has a strong sense of history and heritage
Enojado Angry
Jorge está muy enojado porque se le perdió su nuevo celular.
Jery, ¿por qué estás tan enojado conmigo?
Jorge is very angry because he lost his new cell phone.
Jery, why are you so angry at me?
Preocupado Worried
Estoy un poco preocupado si terminaré mi tesis antes de la fecha de entrega.
Preocupado es exactamente como debería estar.
I am a little worried if I will finish my thesis before the due date.
Worried is exactly what I should be.
Feliz Happy
Me encantan las historias con un final feliz.
Feliz año nuevo para ti y toda tu familia.
I love stories with a happy ending.
Happy new year to you and all your family.
Triste Sad
Se puso triste cuando supo que la había perdido.
Triste o no, este es un momento histórico.
He was sad when he knew he had lost her.
Sad or not, this is a historical moment.
Confundido Confused 
Después de haber leído el artículo, estoy más confundido que antes.
Me sentía perdido, me sentía… Confundido.
After reading the article, I am more confused than before.
I felt lost, I felt… confused.
Fácil Easy 
Es muy fácil aprender un idioma nuevo si lo practicas todos los días.
Fácil acceso a todas las plantas por un ascensor o escaleras.
It’s easy to learn a new language if you practice it every day.
Easy access to all floors by an elevator or staircase.
Difícil Difficult 
Las cosas buenas son difíciles de conseguir sin esfuerzo.
¡Difícil como es, ustedes están todos juntos en esto!
Good things are difficult to achieve effortlessly.
Difficult as it is, you are all in this together!
Gordo Fat 
Ese gato está tan gordo que no alcanza saltar al sofá.
Yo estaba sentado entre dos gordos.
That cat is so fat that it can’t jump to the couch.
I was sitting between two fat men.
Flaco Thin 
Era muy pobre, bien flaco y pálido.
Mi esposo es flaco pero tiene un poco de panza.
He was very poor and thin and pale.
My husband is thin but has a bit of a paunch.
Joven Young 
Quiero ser joven para siempre.
Joven o anciana, siempre serás la misma.
I want to be young forever.
Young or old, you’ll always be the same to me.
Viejo Old 
Era viejo, pero probablemente no tan viejo como aparentaba.
Estas enseñando a tu hija cómo montar tu viejo caballo.
It was old, but probably not as old as it appeared.
You’re teaching your daughter how to ride your old horse.
Rápido Fast 
¡Quiero un coche rápido cuando sea grande!
Rapido y tu lo sabes
I want a fast car when I’m big!
Fast, and you know it.
Lento Slow 
El tráfico lento me desespera aunque solo me retrase unos minutos.
Lento y firme ganan la carrera, no es así, ¿niño?
Slow traffic is waiting for me even if I’m only delayed by a few minutes.
Slow and steady wins the race, right, boyo?
Sucio filthy
¿Esta es toda la ropa sucia que hay que llevar a la lavandería?
El campo está sucio, es húmedo y frío.
Is this all the dirty laundry that needs to be brought to the laundry?
The camp was filthy, wet, and cold.
Limpio Clean 
Limpio, pero demasiado pequeño para recomendar a las familias.
Limpio como una patena, o eso dice.
Clean, but just too small to recommend for families.
Clean as a whistle, so he says.
Lleno Full 
Ten cuidado; la taza está llena hasta el borde.
Siempre tome estos medicamentos con un vaso lleno de agua.
Be careful, the cup is full to the rim.
Always take these medications with a full glass of water.
Vacío Empty 
Creo que llegamos demasiado temprano. El bar está vacío y no hay música.
El plato de dulces en la mesa estaba completamente vacío.
I think we arrived too early. The bar is empty and there is no music.T
he bowl of candy on the table was completely empty.
Nuevo New 
Quiero comprar una mesa nueva, no una de segunda mano.
En 1534, Cartier hizo su primer viaje al Nuevo Mundo.
I want to buy a new table, not a second-hand one.
Look to the New Year with hope in your hearts.
Pobre Poor 
Magda fue criada en un barrio pobre.
Pobre Padre Santo, debemos rezar mucho por él.
Magda was raised in a poor neighborhood.
Poor Holy Father, we must pray very much for him.
Rico Rich 
Su sueño era hacerse rico y viajar por el mundo.
El sabor rico funciona bien en una variedad de recetas.
Her dream was to get rich and travel the world.
The rich flavour works well in a variety of recipes.
Rapido Quick
Rapido, metelo en la bolsa.
Rapido, dígame su nombre.
Quick, put it in the bag.
Quick, quick. Tell me his name.
Lento Low
Cubrir y cocer a fuego muy lento durante 10 minutos.
He puesto la carne y las verduras a fuego lento.
Cover and cook over very low heat for 10 minutes.
I’ve put the meat and vegetables on a low heat.
Tarde Late 
Date prisa, vamos a llegar tarde.
¿Qué te trae por aquí tan tarde en el día?
Hurry, we’re going to be late.
What brings you out here so late in the day?
Temprano Early 
Me desperté temprano hoy.
Temprano en la mañana, mi padre cayó en el lodo.
I woke up early today.
Early in the morning, my father fell into the mud.
Útil Useful 
Es muy útil tener un refrigerador en la oficina.
La repetición es una estrategia útil si quieres aprender un poema de memoria.
It is very useful to have a refrigerator in the office.
Repetition is a useful strategy if you want to memorize a poem. 

 

 

Feminine Adjectives English Sentence English
Buena good

Audrey Hepburn y Marilyn Monroe son buenas fuentes de inspiración. Mantener buenas relaciones con sus vecinos puede ser muy beneficioso.

Audrey Hepburn and Marilyn Monroe are good sources of inspiration.

Maintaining good relations with your neighbors can be very beneficial.

Mala bad Mala idea al menos que quieras trabajar cada día.
Mala suerte para usted, pero la buena suerte para mí. 
Bad idea unless you want to work every day.
Bad luck for you, but good luck for me.
Pequeña small Nuestro apartamento es una pequeña joya de tradición y amabilidad.
Este lugar es perfecto para una pequeña boda y recepción. 
Our apartment is a small jewel of tradition and friendliness.
This place is perfect for a small wedding and reception.
Rápida fast Miranda IM usa muy poca memoria y es extremadamente rápida.
Nuestros productos con calidad profesional, precio competitivo y entrega rápida.
Miranda IM uses very little memory and is extremely fast.
Our products with professional quality, competitive price and fast delivery.
Lenta slow La frecuencia cardíaca puede ser muy lenta en cualquier momento.
Fue una cosa lenta, esta ira de la gente decente. 
The heart rate may be very slow at any time.
It was a slow thing, this anger of decent people.
Cara expensive Sin embargo, esta también suele ser la opción más cara.
La más bonita y escandalosamente cara de todas las flores.
However, this also tends to be the most expensive option.
The most beautiful and shockingly expensive of all the flowers.

Barata cheap Alquila una moto barata en Ibiza y disfruta del paisaje.
Es una opción barata y conveniente para grupos más grandes. 
Rent a cheap motorbike in Ibiza and enjoy the landscape.
It is a cheap and convenient option for larger groups.
Abierta open Pero solo cuando la puerta de nuestros corazones esté abierta.
La terraza está abierta día y noche en temporada alta.
But only when the door of our hearts is open.
The terrace is open day and night in high season.
Cerrada Closed Durante nuestra visita no ruidoso como la piscina estaba cerrada.
Cerrada en 1986 por decisión municipal y reabierta en 2000. 
During our visit not noisy as the pool was closed.
Closed in 1986 by municipal decision and re-opened in 2000.
Alta High Alta precisión, es un pequeño error de procesamiento, y viceversa.
Alta disponibilidad y escalabilidad sin límites para tus proyectos. 
High precision, is a small processing error, and vice versa.
High availability and scalability without limits for your projects.
Baja Low Un favorito de muchos turistas cuando la marea está baja.
Esto puede ser muy conveniente y la cuota es baja.
A favorite of many tourists when the tide is low.
This can be very convenient and the fee is low.
Bonita pretty Bonita villa de tres dormitorios en venta en Oria, Almería.
Que bonita rosas!
Pretty three bedrooms villa for sale in Oria, Almería.
What pretty flowers!
Fea ugly La arquitectura en esta parte de la ciudad es fea.
Lo que sería una manera fea de ganar una bella esposa.
The architecture in this part of the city is ugly.
That would be an ugly way to win a pretty wife.
Fría cold Instrucciones: Vierta 2 tazas de agua fría en la licuadora.
Pelar y cocer la papa en agua fría con sal.
Directions: Pour 2 cups of cold water into the blender.
Peel and boil the potatoes in cold water with salt.
Aburrida boring Su voz es aún más aburrida de lo normal, ¿verdad?
¿La vida sería tan aburrida sin los colores, no lo?
His voice is even more boring than usual, isn’t it?
Life would be so boring without the colors, wouldn’t it?
Divertida fun Este folleto contiene actividades divertidas para usted y sus hijos.
Su vida está llena de interesantes eventos y situaciones divertidas.
This booklet contains fun activities for you and your children.
Their life is full of interesting events and funny situations.
Amarga bitter Me dio vino… y una amarga poción de algún tipo.
Algo menos amarga para el paladar que las ales británicas. 
She gave me wine, and a bitter potion of some kind.
Something less bitter to the palate than the British ales.
Salada salty ¿Puedo utilizar agua salada en mi pileta revestida con AquaCrete?
Como resultado, el adobo debe ser un poco demasiado salada. 
Can I use salty water in my pool with Aquacrete?
As a result, the marinade should be a little bit too salty.
Enojada Upset Mira, Brenda, no hay razón para estar enojada conmigo.
Si ahora estás enojada, espera a oír el resto.
Look, Brenda, there’s no reason to be upset with me.
If you’re upset now, wait till ya hear the rest.
Preocupada worried Una vez más, habla con tu doctor si estás preocupada.
Haces esa cosa con tu cara cuando estás preocupada.
Once again, talk to your doctor if you are worried.
You do that thing with your face when you’re worried.
Confundida Confused Lo abrió rápidamente, leyendo su contenido con una confundida expresión.
Pero la confianza no debe ser confundida con el ego. 
He opened it quickly, reading its contents with a confused expression.
But confidence should not be confused with ego.
Gorda Fat La primera capa no debe ser fuerte gorda.
Los agrios criados sobre los nitratos, tendrán una piel gorda. 
The first layer should not be strongly thick.
The citrus which is grown up on nitrates will have a thick peel.
Flaca Skinny Un poco flaca para mi gusto, pero estará bien.
Yo tenía una novia, ella estaba tan flaca.
A little skinny for my taste, but she’ll do.
I had a girlfriend, she was so skinny.
Vieja Old Ella era demasiado vieja y triste para oír las palabras.
Hay una joven pareja viviendo en tu vieja habitación ahora.
She was too old and sad to hear the words.
There’s a young couple living in your old room now.
Rápida Fast Rápida entrega gratuita de la oficina más cercana a usted.
Rápida y segura, esta barca es ideal para navegar.
Fast free delivery of the nearest office to you.
Fast and safe, this boat is ideal for boating.
Lenta Slow Lenta carbohidratos que se encuentran en los frijoles, legumbres, pasta, arroz y patatas.
Lenta, pero ya sabes cómo es esto. 
Slow carbohydrates found in beans, legumes, pasta, rice and potatoes.
Slow, but you know how it goes.
Sucia Filthy

Tu ropa está sucia!

¿Tienes alguna idea de lo sucia que me hace sentir eso? 

Your clothes are dirty!

Do you have any idea how filthy that makes me feel?

Limpia Clean La casa estaba muy limpia y en una ubicación perfecta.
La cabaña estaba muy limpia y nos encantó su ubicación. 
The home was very clean and in a perfect location.
The cabin was very clean and we loved its location.
Llena Full La calle está llena de bares y restaurantes con ambiente.
El resultado: una sala llena de energía, personalidad y vitalidad. 
The street is full of bars and restaurants with atmosphere.
The result: a room full of energy, personality and vitality.
Vacía Empty Algunos días te despiertas y tu cabeza está vacía.
Éstas son las opciones que llevan a una vida vacía. 
Some days you wake up and your head is empty.
These are the choices that lead to an empty life.
Nueva New Claudia Schiffer es la nueva cara de Yves Saint Laurent.
Esto es para tu nueva vida, lejos de mi hija. 
Claudia Schiffer is the new face of Yves Saint Laurent.
This is for your new life, away from my daughter.
Rica Rich El resultado es una harina rica en proteínas y vitaminas.
Una ciudad rica en cultura sino también de muchos servicios. 
The result is a flour rich in proteins and vitamins.
A city rich in culture but also of many services.
Rápida Fast Rápida instalación e instalar en menos de 10 minutes.
Ella es bien rápida cuando corre. 
Quick setup and install in less than 10 minutes.
She is really fast when she runs 
Temprana Early Un niño con educación temprana puede potenciar mejor sus capacidades.
Los pacientes frecuentemente no buscan tratamiento en una etapa temprana.
A child with early education can empower better his capabilities.
Patients frequently do not seek treatment at an early stage.

 

Some adjectives don’t need to be adjusted for gender. An example of this would be adjectives that end in an -e:

  • Inteligente (intelligent)
  • Verde (green)
  • Caliente (hot)
  • Grande (big)
  • Amable (kind/friendly)

Now that you learned new adjectives in Spanish, try learning the most common Spanish words, to better improve your Spanish level!

Source: Pexels

 

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Nouns in Spanish can be classified as masculine or feminine.  When native English speakers learn that Spanish has grammatical gender, they may have a hard time wrapping their minds around the concept.  Grammatical gender doesn`t exist in English, so the gender of nouns in Spanish an entirely new concept.  Adjectives ending in -e are neutral and can be used with both feminine and masculine nouns.

Adjectives can help you identify different nouns and clarify objects or places during the conversation. Descriptive adjectives in Spanish are used to describe a noun or a pronoun in a sentence.  They work the same as they do in English but must agree with the noun or pronoun in both gender and number.  However, descriptive adjectives are listed in the masculine singular form, so it`s important to make the proper adjustments when using them in a sentence.

It’s also important to remember that In Spanish, verbs don’t match the gender of the noun but rather stay the same.

Download our100 Spanish Adjectives PDF, both in their masculine and feminine form!

If you’re interested in learning about adjectives in other languages, you can also check out Japanese adjectives.

Visit AmazingTalker to complete the next steps of your language learning journey!

 

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