Family in Spanish: Learn Family Members in Spanish

Every culture has its values. When it comes to Spanish, familia (family) is one of the most important concepts. It is seen as a symbol of integrity, and safety, that provides warm and fuzzy feelings associated with love. When speaking to Spanish individuals it is important to know how to talk about family, since the topic tends to appear rather commonly.

For example, suppose you decided to strike up a conversation with the sweet old lady working at the flower shop in Barcelona. You try your best to say good morning in Spanish, and after a bit of small talk, the topic of family pops up. How do you respond? What questions do you ask her in return? So many questions!

Luckily, this article is built to help you do exactly that by introducing you to the names of different family members in Spanish, and even teaching you a few handy phrases to use.

Different Family Members in Spanish


Before you can answer and ask questions about la familia (The family), you would first need to know what to call different family members. Just like how you would call your mom, well, mom.

Different members of the family are divided up into four categories:

  1. Immediate Family

Immediate family or first-degree relatives. This category is reserved for the smallest family unit, which includes: parents, siblings, spouses, and children. Below you will find some terms that are very important to know.

English  Spanish
Father el padre
Mother la madre
Dad or Daddy el papá
Mom or Mommy la mamá
Parents los padres
Daughter la hija
Son el hijo
Children (Girls & Boys) los hijos
Brother el hermano
Sister la hermana
Siblings (Girls & Boys) los hermanos
Wife la esposa
Husband el esposo


     2. Extended Family

Or simply known as second-degree relatives, this category contains grandparents, nieces, nephews, cousins, aunts, and uncles. This category is almost on the same level as immediate family, so knowing these terms is crucial!

English Spanish
nephew el sobrino
niece la sobrina
aunt la tía
uncle el tío
aunt(s) and uncle(s) los tios
cousin (female) la prima
cousin (male) el primo
cousins (male and female) los primos
grandparents los abuelos
grandfather el abuelo
grandmother la abuela
grandson el nieto
granddaughter la nieta
grandchildren los nietos
relatives los parientes


Just so the concept between immediate and extended family is clear, here is a family tree:

Created with Canva


      3. Mixed family

A blended family or step family. For example, if someone adopts you, they are considered your step-parent and you, their step-child. The following terms would be good to know if you— or anyone else you know, have a family in this category:

English Spanish
stepdaughter la hijastra
stepson el hijastro
stepchildren los hijastros
stepbrother el hermanastro
stepsister la hermanastra
stepbrothers and sisters los hermanastros
stepmother la madrastra
stepfather el padrastro
stepparents los padrastros
half-sister la media hermana
half-brother el medio hermano


      4. In-Laws

When you get married to your sweetheart, their family is considered your “In-Laws”. Considering that you will probably spend a lot of time with them, learning these phrases might be a good idea. There are a lot of terms, but for now, we will stick to the simple ones:


English Spanish
mother-in-law la suegra
father-in-law el suegro
mother and father-in-law los suegros
sister-in-law la cuñada
brother-in-law el cuñado
son-in-law el yerno
daughter-in-law la nuera


Useful Phrases: family members in Spanish

Now that you understand the basic Spanish familial terms, the next step is to learn some phrases that can be used in conversation:

Don’t be shy, ask about their family members!

  1. What’s your family like?

“¿Como es tu familia?”

  1. “How is your family?”

¿Cómo está tu familia?“

  1. Do you have any siblings?

“¿Tienes hermanos?”

  1. How many sisters do you have?/How many brothers do you have?

¿Cuantas hermanas tienes?”/ ”¿Cuántos hermanos tiene usted?”

  1. Do you have nephews or nieces?

¿Tienes sobrinos o sobrinas?”

You were invited to your Spanish friend’s family gathering, be prepared when they introduce you to their family:

  1. She is my mom/He is my dad

“Ella es mi madre.”/”El es mi padre.”

  1. She is my sister/He is my brother

“Ella es mi hermana.”/”El es mi hermano.”

  1. These are my cousins

“Ellas/Ellos son mis primas/primos.”

  1. They are my grandparents

Ellas/Ellos son mis abuelos.”

  1. “You have a beautiful family!”

Tienes una hermosa familia!”. Complimenting the family will definitely win you some brownie points!

When describing/talking about your family:

  1. I have cousins

“Tengo primo.”

  1. My family is doing well

“Mi familia esta bien.”

  1. I have a big family/I have a small family

“Tengu una gran familia.”/ “Tengu una familia pequeña.”

  1. I’m adopted.

“Soy adoptado.”

  1. I love my family.

Quiero a mi familiar.”


source: Tenor


Become familiar with the Spanish language

Whether you want to look good when talking to the Spanish-speaking folks or want to start learning the language— you would find that learning about how to address family in Spanish can be extremely helpful, not to mention it is the best conversation starter!

Learning languages on your own can be a rather tedious task. Consider taking some online Spanish classes at AmazingTalker! With a wide selection of fantastic tutors and classes that suit your schedule, you’ll become a bona fide Spanish speaker in no time.

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